Learning basics for poetry

Poetry need some training about basic things.
I  have  collected  some  of  the questions and

1.How to count syllable ?

Answer –

Counting Syllables

To find the number of syllables in a word, use the following steps:

-Count the vowels in the word.
-Subtract any silent vowels, (like the silent e at the end of a word, or   the second vowel    when two vowels are together in a syllable)
-Subtract one vowel from every diphthong 
-The number of vowels sounds left is the same as the number of syllables.

A diphthong is a complex sound made by gliding from one vowel sound to another within the same syllable, as in boy and out. Technically, a diphthong is such a sound that consists of two vowels, and a triphthong is such a sound that consists of three vowels. However, many people will refer to both combinations generally using the term ‘diphthong.’

2.What is Phone and phoneme?

phones-A phone is any distinct speech sound or gesture, regardless of whether or not the exact sound is critical to the meanings of words.

phoneme-A phoneme is a speech sound that in a given language if swapped with another phoneme, would change the meaning of the word.

Examples and Explanations
a)The words “madder” and “matter” obviously are composed of distinct phonemes; however, in american english, both words are pronounced almost identically, which means that their phones are the same.

b)English words kid and kit end with two distinct phonemes, and swapping one for the other would change the word’s meaning. However, the difference between the p sounds in pun (pʰ, with a puff of air) and spun (p, no puff of air) can never affect the meaning of a word in English, so they are phones and not phonemes.

3.What are Assonance and Consonance?

a)Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds That solitude which suits abstruser musings.

b)Consonance is a poetic device characterized by the repetition of the same consonant two or more times in short succession, as in “pitter patter” or in “all mammals named Sam are clammy”.